Mar 312012
 

The question “what is a psychopath?” has so many answers that it remains undefined.

The terms psychopath, sociopath and malignant narcissist are used interchangeably in today’s popular culture. Even among professionals in the field of psychology, there is no one term that has been standardized and used by everyone to describe pathological narcissism.  I’ve chosen to use the word psychopath because it is the term used by the preeminent researcher in the field, Dr. Robert Hare.

Dr. Hare has attempted to clarify the definition by creating a psychopathy checklist called the Psychopathy Check List -Revised (PCL-R). The PCL-R is a clinical rating scale (rated by a psychologist or other person trained in the test) of 20 items. Each of the items in the PCL-R is scored on a three-point scale (0, 1, 2).  The highest score achievable is 40 and denotes a prototypical psychopath.  A score of 30 or above qualifies a person for a diagnosis of psychopathy.  So in this sense, the diagnosis of psychopathy is on a continuum, some people are more psychopathic than others.

What is a Psychopath? The twenty traits assessed by the PCL-R score :

  1. glib and superficial charm
  2. grandiose sense of self-worth
  3. pathological lying
  4. cunning and manipulative
  5. lack of remorse or guilt
  6. shallow affect — emotional reactions are short-lived.
  7. callousness and lack of empathy
  8. failure to accept responsibility
  9. need for stimulation, prone to boredom
  10. parasitic lifestyle
  11. poor behavioral controls
  12. lack of long-term, realistic goals
  13. impulsivity
  14. irresponsibility
  15. juvenile delinquency
  16. early behavior problems
  17. revocation of conditional release
  18. sexual promiscuity
  19. many short-term marital relationships
  20. criminal versatility
  21. Acquired behavioral sociopathy/sociological conditioning (Item 21 is a newly identified trait i.e. a person relying on sociological strategies and tricks to deceive)

While this list provides a foundation for defining a psychopath, it is a clinical tool, meant to be used in a clinical setting.  It is difficult to use the list to assess a psychopath one meets “in the wild” because a psychopath always wears a mask.   Dr. Hervey Cleckley, one of the earliest researchers in psychopathy, called it “The Mask of Sanity” in his book by that same title.  A psychopath can wear a number of masks, portraying different personalities as the situation requires.  This is because he mirrors the people around him, especially the ones he intends to victimize.

It is the use of masks and deception in their predation that makes it difficult to define a psychopath. These camouflage tactics, by their definition, are almost invisible to an unsuspecting victim so they cannot easily be used to recognize the psychopath until it’s too late.

Furthermore, the psychopath, being a pathological liar, is not prone to admit the real motivations for his behavior even if he were actually aware of them.   Instead a psychopath makes excuses, justifies, rationalizes and blames his victim for creating the situation which forced him to aggress against the victim.

Many psychopathic behaviors occur in other personality disorders, making it even more difficult to determine whether the person is a psychopath, a sociopath, a borderline, a narcissist, an anti-social, some other disorder or  combination of disorders described in the DSM-5.  Consequently, there has been much disagreement about what makes up a psychopath.

What is a Psychopath? Your Emotions Inform You.

The psychopath’s addiction is to power.  To achieve power, he preys on other human beings by manipulating their emotions.  So, rather than looking outside of ourselwhat is a psychopath? shame and envy.ves for a warning sign, it may behoove us to check inside, with our emotions. In any interaction, we can ask ourselves whether our emotions are being manipulated.  Creating drama through the use of charm, pity and rage are common tactics for emotional manipulation. These are warning signs that the person may be an emotional vampire, but the final nail in the coffin is when you sense that you’ve been in the presence of evil. Eric Fromm, in The Heart of Man, called malignant narcissism “the quintessence of evil” (Fromm, 18).

What is a Psychopath? A 180° Mask That Hides Shame and Envy.

In her book, Why is it Always About You? The Seven Deadly Sins of Narcissism, Sandy Hotchkiss explains that narcissism is rooted in envy and in shame.  This shame is so unbearable that it is bypassed and results in behavior that appears shameless.  Since the psychopath’s behavior is motivated by unconscious emotions of envy and shame, then perhaps the best definition of a psychopath can be found in Rene Girard’s principles of mimetic desire and the scapegoat mechanism.

Rene Girard  in A Theatre of Envy, states,

“Envy involuntarily testifies to the lack of being that puts the envious to shame” (Girard, 4).

In one short sentence, Girard has described the essence of the psychopath: An envious, shameful lack-of-being.  This is why he is a predator of human beings.

  104 Responses to “What Is A Psychopath?”

  1. […] 180 rule – a great website explaining in detail about psychopathic behavior. […]

  2. What do you mean when you use the expression “Trojan horse”?

    Skylar: Do you have a private e-mail for consultations?

    • Hi Maria,
      the term “trojan horse” comes from the story of the Greek strategy to win the war against the city of Troy. They brought a “gift” to the gates of Troy, a large wooden statue of a horse. Hidden inside the horse was an army of Greeks. Once inside the gate, the Greeks waited until night fall and opened the gates of Troy, allowing the rest of the Greek army inside to destroy Troy, from the inside out.

      All psychopaths do this. They all trick us into lowering our defenses and then proceed to destroy us from the inside out.

      But usually when I use the expression “Trojan Horse” in regards to the psychopaths, I mean that they will literally send another psychopath to infiltrate your family and friends. This psychopath is tasked to become a close friend or even marry into your family so that they can influence everyone around you to act against you. While this sounds “crazy” and implausible, it’s actually a VERY common thing for spaths to do. I would even say that they can’t help themselves from doing it. It’s part of their slandering method.

      It’s also another way that they re-direct blame away from themselves. It’s a way for them to have an alibi, it’s a way to set up a patsy. Nothing is ever their fault and they plan that from the beginning, in so many ways.

      One of the reasons that they can do this is because they are able to recognize each other. The stronger psychopath will usually recruit the patsy psychopath to do their dirty work for them.

      I should write a whole article on it. There is so much to say about it.

      If you want to send a private message you can click on the tab “About 180Rule.com” at the top and then click on “Contact” in the drop down menu.

      • Maria, welcome. I think Skylar adequately answered your question about Trojan Horses and it is a quite common thing with psychopaths. My Psychopathic son who is in prison for murder sent one of his ex celll mate buddies, a 3 x convicted pedophile to rent a house from me and he tried to kill me, then tried to kill my oldest son…when he couldn’t accomplish all that he ended up going back to prison for a short time, but I have no doubt that my son will find another patsy, convince him that if I die my son will inherit huge amounts of money which he says he will share with the Trojan Horse, but of course the TH willl get nothing.

  3. I sent you a private message.
    Let me know if you received it because the system doesn’t confirm if it went through.

    • Maria, welcome to 180rule. I hope that you’ll feel comfortable on this blog. And, if you’re here because you’ve had an encounter with a psychopath or sociopath, that’s very unfortunate. Most of us never knew what hit us, and it’s quite a challenge to recovery and heal from those betrayals.

    • Hi Maria,
      I did get your message and just responded. Check your email!
      Sky

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